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Trinity College Dublin

Adaptive Composition Methodologies

Adaptive systems and services are inherently complex to create and manage. Creating them by hand is time-consuming, error-prone and requires a level of cognitive engagement on the user’s part that is generally negative in respect to what the are trying to achieve.

The underlying technologies and techniques used rarely correspond directly to the system or service that is being created. Abstracting from the underlying technologies allow for a more user-oriented representation of what is being created. Similarly, a well document design process for the system or service being created greatly increases the likelihood that the system/service effectively satisfies its design criteria.

Take Adaptive Educational Systems (Personalised eLearning) for example. Although the educational benefits and impact are well documented, their composition remains the critical obstacle to their mainstream adoption. KDEG's Adaptive Course Construction Toolkit (ACCT) was the first Personalised eLearning development tool that was based on a proven educational design methodology moreso than the underlying technology being used in the adaptive offering. By capturing and representing the Composition Methodology, the ACCT became a practitioner’s tool. The designer did not need to know how to program adaptive systems; they focused on creating educationally-sound personalised eLearning. The ACCT initially implemented parts of the Adaptive Course Construction Methodology (ACCM) and will continue to implement the remaining processes of the ACCM. The diagram below depicts the components of the ACCM.

For a full list and the most up-to-date publications about Adaptive Composition Methodologies, please refer to the publications section of the KDEG website.